Following the successful Kilimani street festival participatory mapping session with local residents, the Ring Road team planned and formulated a creative questionnaire that targeted other transport users in the local vicinity.
The questionnaire covered five modes of transport used in Kilimani: Pedestrians, cyclists, private vehicles, public service vehicles (taxis and matatus), and the boda bodas (motorcycles). The use of these were measured against a number of factors that influence transport use and choices in and around the study area during both day and night hours: the scale of measurement being 0 to 4 for worst to best respectively. Observations about the study area characteristics were also noted.
The survey was run in two sessions, capturing a sample size of 32 questionnaires: the first occurring from 1600Hrs to 1930Hrs and the second session the following day from 1100Hrs to 1430Hrs. This enabled data collection from all the target groups identified and from all key locations including shopping malls, petrol stations, pharmacies, and road side vendors. More than 70% of the respondents were male between the age of 18-39 years and were non-residents of Kilimani.
The survey team found that it was easier to undertake the questionnaire with people in formal businesses as opposed to informal traders. This may have been due to recent demolitions by the county staff and so there may have been some resentment or unwillingness to participate if they were unsure about the purpose of the survey. While most of the respondents spoke English, they preferred clarifications in Swahili.
The survey respondents indicated that private vehicle motorists were most obedient to road signs and their use of the road. Motorcyclists, pedestrians and cyclists would take any opportunity available to move (cross the road) despite directions given by visible road signs.
Also, motorcycles and informal traders occupied spaces that were designed for NMT users especially the busier pedestrian space. The diagram below explains a summary of the initial findings: